A rock formation formed of black stone. If you could rub a finger over a stone from this formation, you could smell the typical odor of carbon and get black fingers.
Above pictured formation is found in Karelia, near the town of Shunga after which the mineral rock called Shungite is is named. Karelia has a hundreds of kilometers long border with Finland. It has a long tradition of changing rulers, cultural influences and degrees of political-administrative independence. Since 1956, Karelia has been a republic in the northwestern European part of the Russian Federation.
In addition to the deposit around Lake Onega in Karelia, Shungite is also found in India, the Republic of Congo, Australia and Kazakhstan.
Tsar Peter the Great and the spa Marcial Waters
In the early 18th century, the Russian Tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725) kept frequent and prolonged visits to the rock formation at Shunga. Magically, the lodgings refeshed him. This created his belief in the healing properties of the water and black stone on-site. He believed in it so strongly that he required his forces to carry a Shungite stone with them in times of war. He also had springs mined to make the healing water accessible.
At the site, he established a spa he called Marcial Waters. Here he had a chapel built for the Apostle Peter. This chapel is still standing. A large vessel made of Shungite is part of the chapel’s furnishings.
In the outgoing 19th century, modern scientific research took off. Across Europe, scientists were researching the continent’s geology. In connexion with geological knowledge, the countries surrounding Karelia became aware of the peculiarity of the rocks in Shuga. In Finland, as well as in the Baltic states, research on proprietary soil composition was conducted in this regard. An example of this is the discovery that in the Finnish region of Suojärvi, with a border to the area in Karelia, was also rich in Shungite. Below is an article in the Finnish newspaper “Mercator” of Sept. 29, 1916:
“Charcoal Findings in Olonets.
Schungite is also found in Suojärvi.
(K. C.) According to Russian newspaper reports, coal deposits are being exploited near the village of Schunga in Olonets.
In connection with these reports, inquiries were made to Prof. J. J. Sederholm about these coal seams.
Prof. Sederholm explained that the results involve a type of coal that is even harder and more difficult to burn than anthracite and is similar in nature to graphite. Geologically, this type of coal, named schungite after the site Schunga in Olonets, does not belong to the coal period at all, but to the Jatulium formation of the Precambrian deposits. Thus, the schungite is a much older formation than the coal.
According to a former Dutch student who worked as a miner in America, numerous blocks of schungite are also found at the church in Suojärvi. Prof. S. had no further knowledge of the results of these investigations, which, however, were soon abandoned. The area of the Suojärvi find has been mapped by the Geological Survey.”
C60 on earth and in space
The element carbon is a natural, elemental building block of the universe. It is the basis of all living beings. In the chemical periodic table, the element carbon is denoted by C of CARBON. Carbon can be formed under multiple appearances of electrical stress to C60 and other fullerenes:
- naturally by lightning or comet impacts or volcanic activity or earthquakes; with this, C60 is a naturally occurring building block in space and on Earth; here, C60 has found its precipitation in the mineral Shungite,
- under laboratory conditions.
Nobel Prize in chemistry
In 1996, the Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry to two American and one British scientist for the 1985 discovery of fullerenes, a chemical group of substances. Fullerenes consist of multiple compounds of exclusively the atom carbon (C). The molecule C60 which is a closed formation of 60 carbon atoms (also called Buckminster Fullerene, after the American multi-talented scientist Richard Buckminster Fuller who theoretically described the structure of molecules such as C60) is part of this group of substances.
After these scientific discoveries, C60 was widely experimented with worldwide. This carbon compound was found to be well soluble in oil. The question arose as to what effects the solution would produce in a body. It was examined in a biotechnological scientific questionnaire by a group of scientists of international origin at the Faculty of Pharmacy of the University of Paris.
The outcome of the study (published in the year 2012) was stunning. C60 in oil, taken in low quantities with regularity, prolonged the lives of the experimental animals (rats) while shortening had been hypothesized.
The prolongation of the lifespan of rats by repeated oral administration of fullerene
The conclusion is:
The effect of pure C60 on longevity highlights the absence of chronic toxicity. These results, obtained with a small sample of animals with an exploratory protocol, call for more extensive research to optimize the intestinal absorption of C60, as well as the different parameters of the administration protocol: dose, dosage and treatment duration. In the present case, treatment was stopped when a control rat died on M17 (the 17th day of the trial, A.L.), proving that the effects of treatment with C60 are long-lasting.
To this day, worldwide all biotechnological research on the action and application of C60 is based on the findings of this study. The research shows that C60 is an antioxidant that reduces inflammation in bodies. As a result, life energy increases.
- As a mineral, Shungite is sold and used worldwide in the form of healing powder or healing stone.
- As tiles, stones of Shungite are placed in rooms for people to experience the purifying effect.
- As a mineral water, Shungite is filtered into water and the water is drunk.
- As a nutrition supplement, C60 dissolved in edible oils is sold and used worldwide.
- Older and recent scientific research on biotechnological applications of C60 for a variety of conditions can be found in all online science libraries worldwide.
Rounding the circle
We close our brief overview with a stamp.
It was published by the Russian Federation in 2019 on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of the discovery of the healing effects of Marcial Waters by Peter the Great. The stamp shows the tsar with his wife, standing near a water fountain, raising a glass.
Today, as a sanatorium, this place also bears the name Martsialnye Vody.
Peter the Great, during his stay at Marcial Waters in the 18th century, had experienced firsthand what biotechnological science from the 20th century onward would demonstrate in foundations, application and consistency:
his body was refreshed and his mind enlightened. The engraving at the top of this article (from an unknown master) shows the historical imagination of this experience.
Justification of images:
- Image 1 (engraving): Shungitnpk.ru
- Image 2 (bottles): C60olie.eu
- Imgage 3 (rock formation): Biomineralenergy.fr
- Images 4 & 5 (chapel outside and inside): Nordictravels.com
- Image 6 (shungite room): Shungite-c60.com
- Image 7 (stamp): Rusmarka.ru
- Images 8 & 9 (water drinker and pool): Tripadvisor.nl
- Image 10 (packing): Unista.com